Dictionary of Pharmacovigilance


Pharmacovigilance is, in essence, the process of monitoring the everyday use of medicines to identify previously unrecognised adverse drug reactions, thereby assessing their risk/benefit balance in order to determine what action, if any, is necessary to improve their safe use. As a discipline, pharmacovigilance impacts on many specialist areas such as pharmacoepidemiology, medical practice, public health, but is most intimately linked to clinical research, development and drug licensing. The discipline along with its operational and legal facets, for both regulatory authorities and pharmaceutical industry, envelop colossal terminology that has precise legal and scientific significance. Such terminology may vary from country to country, or more confusingly, different countries may use identical or similar abbreviations, terms or phrases to mean different entities.The Dictionary of Pharmacovigilance contains a comprehensive list of abbreviations, terms and phrases (in English) giving definitions of commonly (and rarely) encountered pharmacovigilance terms. Examples include: Absolute Risk Increase (ARI), Bayesian Confidence Propagation Neural Network (BCPNN), Confounding Factor, Case narrative, Causality Assessment, Company Core Safety Information (CCSI), Data mining, 15-day report, Rechallenge, Directive 2001/83/EC, EU Birth Date, Expert report, FDA Form 1639, Historical control, Number Needed to Harm, Toxikinetics, Post-Marketing Surveillance, Qualified Person, Source Data Verification (SDV), Spontaneous Reporting, Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), Warning Letter, Product Withdrawal.

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